Begins in the name of "yuan" in the northern wei dynasty, is the view of Taoism. According to ancient books: it is on the fifteenth day of the "has", as the cheongwan blessed day; In July 15 is "yuan", for the officer to forgive SINS; October 15 is "yuan" for urban water officer solution. According to the practice to record "records:" ganjitsu in July, the land officer, the world of good and evil, Taoist and night chanting, hungry section prisoner may also liberation." Therefore, in the July 15 this day, folk will prepare rich offering, officer emperor and ancestor worship.
Hungry ghost festival is a combination of Taoism and Chinese traditional folk, the corresponding, mainly based on the same world view: heaven, earth, water, permeating the godhead into cheongwan, officer, officer of water permeating the governance by the government agency. Folk known as "three worlds", is in three officer refers to three of the gods.
Chinese eastern han dynasty last years, the documents has comprehensive Taoist cosmology, and before the first ever to be on the "three officer calligraphy", respectively, into the heaven, earth, water, and said to three officer sin, repentance to pray for peace. After the development of the six dynasties period, combined with the three days and three yuan in the tang dynasty to the promotion of the official, has, in the yuan, the yuan, and so on three ganjitsu standard, be blessed, najib, ancestor worship, three yuan festival to worship, the emperor rate officials to participate in the festival ceremony. After the tang, song, three ganjitsu become a folk festival.
The hungry ghost festival, daoist temples, such as outside the gates of fire temples, XiBianMen baiyunguan temple and so on in order to pray the good crop weather, peaceful country and safe people routinely held "blessing propitious dojo" every year. Because of the psychological fear him, people in the daily life of composite of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, the lunar July 15 of the hungry ghost festival known as the ghost festival, called the lunar July "ghost month".
After the introduction of Buddhism, Buddhism also has a prayer ancestors, known as the "house," Lamar quin had gone words ULLAMBANA (India), namely "Meng Lan basin will". Meng Lan basin is the meaning of abuse, the pain of life is like a bat hangs on the tree, hanging, suffering. In order to make the living beings from suspension, then need to chant, cloth off food to the wandering soul wild ghost. The move coincided with the Chinese ghost month, worship, and Buddhism is the lunar July 15 turn undead will held on this day, so hungry ghost festival and Meng Lan will come down at the same time.
July 15 inclusive festival customs is more complex, is commonly known as the ghost festival, folk and Taoist hungry ghost festival, is also a buddhist obon, is a way, the monk, festival vulgar third-rate unity.
According to legend, every year from July 1st lunar month, yama ordered big open the gates of hell, let those who suffer imprison all year round in the ghosts of hell spectre, out of the hell, for short-term wandering, enjoy food, human blood so known as the ghost month, July 14th of July is the day of ghosts door open, July 15 is Halloween.
According to the logic of Taoism culture, three basic elements, think of all things to feed the world is heaven, earth, water, will be the first half of the year as cheongwan, in the second half is officer. That day to xuan xuan, day, ground water, all things, water is the foundation of the creatures. Taoism virtual cheongwan, three officer, officer, officer of water cheongwan blessed, to forgive SINS, solution of urban water officer. The officer is the jade emperor in the representative of the world, every year to visit the world of good and evil, upward reporting day. Third officer on the 15th, July 15, October 15 for birthday, respectively called has these three days, in dollars and RMB. Call in the July 15 yuan, on this day, to academy is a record of SINS, he took a thick roster, according to the performance of gods, human, liuxue86.com animal, award of rewards and punishments, exempt from punishment of SINS. "Hungry ghost festival" reward good and punish the bad not only, also encourage the sin of SINS, who have sin in the hungry ghost festival in a year this day through a variety of yili to accommodate yourself and request of forgiveness.